Please don't confuse 3D-Max with 3D
Studio MAX by Kinetix/Autodesk or the new Typhoon "3D-Max" Voodoo boards!
Quick Info: The Kasan
3D-Max is a 3D-shutterglasses system for the PC released back in 1995.
The controller constists of an ISA 8-bit slot card. DOS- and Windows software
compatibility of the system is good. An interlace mode capable VGA-board
and specific driver support for the VGA-chipset is required. Since many
newer VGA-chipsets doesn't support interlace anymore and the last 3D-Max
driver update happened in 1996 the 3D-Max will not work on newer systems.
All chipsets of 3Dfx, Matrox, Rendition, NVidia and intel and most newer
chipsets of the other manufacturers such as S3 and ATI are
!!! At this point the 3D-Max is nailed to some older chipsets from S3,
Tseng, Trident, CL and a few others. Therefore I recommend to stay away
from this system as long as no new driver software shows up.
The 3D-Max glasses are a good basis for a homemade controller however.
This page was initially released in 1995,
last update: September 17, 1998
(don't forget to keep an eye on the general NEWS page)
3D-Max is a low cost 3D-VR system based on LC-Shutterglasses. It comes from Kasan Electronics, Korea (adress updated). There seems to be only one 3D-Max page left on the Kasan server, a 3D-Max download page. It contains 3D-BIOS 3.0beta and 3D-Image for DOS 2.60. Kasan still produces the glasses, but seems to leave marketing and support to the distributors, especially Kasan, Sweden.
3D-Max can be ordered through the Internet from Kasan
Sweden. Keep in mind that Sweden asks for 25% sales tax. NEW:
They promised to gear up support in the future. Let's see what happens
UDAC, Sweden no longer distributes 3D-Max.
US-Dealers are VWorld and many (?) others. 3DTV distributes the Max too, along with their own products.
Virtual Media Systems distributes the Max in South Africa. They provide the best support of all distributors yet.
3D-Max is distributed in Germany exclusively through PEARL Agency GmbH, Compuserve: GO PEARL, BTX: *PEARL#, but the complete 3D-Max Kits are sold out. They still have glasses without controller. You might use them for homebrew or other controllers.
Visit the LCD-Bios page for additional information, software and interesting 3D-Links.
Check the Kasan FTP-site for driver updates. (server seems to be down) Log in as user: guest, password: guest to see the 3D-Max stuff, log in as anonymous to see other stuff.
Kasan developed several PCI-VGA cards with 3D-Max-Controller on-board. See the VGA board page.
3D-Max Wireless Version (requires controller type II)
Kasan 3D-Max is controlled by an ISA-slot card. This controller needs a VGA-chipset specific driver (3D-BIOS) to work. A VGA-chipset specific driver has advantages if you have the right one.
There are other Shutterglasses connected to the serial, parallel or VGA-port that are controlled by LCD-BIOS. LCD-BIOS uses page-flipping of normal VGA and VESA graphics modes and is, in theory, chipset-independent. There are reportedly problems with certain VGA-cards/chipsets though. LCD-BIOS is partly backward compatible with 3D-BIOS.
Advantages of Kasan 3D-Max
One advantage of the 3D-Max system is the compatibility to almost all stereoscopic software (3D-BIOS, i-glasses, CyberMaxx, VFX1 and even LCD-BIOS titles in most cases). Another advantage is the use of interlace which allows high refresh rates and that's really important. I reached up to 150 Hz. Users of systems using LCD-BIOS (page flipping) might only dream about this, unless they have the right monitor. Using alternate line material (like Quake) 3D-Max eats up only half of the monitor V-frequency compared to LCD-BIOS at the exact same effective resolution/refresh rate!
Another advantage is the compatibility with any Windows desktop graphics mode. This helps a lot for watching slideshows, 3D websites and the new generation of games (especially WinQuake and Hexen2).
Here's what I achieved:
|VGA-chipset||S3 864 and S3 Trio64V+||Tseng ET4000|
|320*200||type I: N/A; type II: 83 Hz||120 Hz|
|320*400||type I: N/A; type II: 83 Hz (IRQ), 96 Hz (Interlace)||120 Hz|
|640*480 and higher||120 Hz to 150 Hz||>120 Hz|
Please note that I'm talking about controllers and drivers, not the
glasses itself. Most glasses have a standard stereo jack. (See picture
above.) Some products like those of 3DTV, Chinon and APEC use exactly the
same glasses, but different controllers.
3D-Max is somewhat compatible to stereoscopic software for the VictorMaxx CyberMaxx and Virtual i-O Inc. i-glasses. (Both companies are out of business.) Most games for these systems offer headtracking only, no stereoscopic 3D. Programs with native 3D-Max support are mentioned in the 3D-Max sections only.
What about LCD-BIOS compatibility? Well LCD-BIOS is the de facto standard for consumer shutterglasses, so this is important. 3D-BIOS uses interlace, while LCD-BIOS uses page-flipping. What happens when running software written for LCD-BIOS? You'll get a page-flipped image. Everything you need is there on the screen but the 3D-Max glasses are turned off. So you have to load 3D-BIOS and invoke cyberon.com. Now you get an image which is page-flipped and interlaced simultaneously (that's what I presume it is). IT WORKS unless your VGA-card doesn't freak out on this! Let's make this clear: 3D-Max is 100% NOT COMPATIBLE to the LCD-BIOS driver. I'm talking about software titles here!!! The 3D-Max controller only wakes up to 3D-BIOS. And you still need the proper VGA-chipset to use 3D-BIOS.
If a program has 3D-Max support this doesn't mean it runs on every PC. It's tricky to get them to work and you need some luck too. This page doesn't handle the hassles of VGA card compatibility, 3D-drivers and VESA-drivers in-depth. I'm certain every 3D-Max owner has his own story what works and what's not. Imagine the possible combinations of hundreds of VGA-cards with tons of programs and the different types of 3D-Max controllers (two at least). The problem lies in the interlaced screen modes 3D-Max uses. They're exotic to say the least. Which VGA-chip designer cares for say "512x700-pixel-16bit-hicolor-interlaced-mode"??? Not the guys from S3 I tell you. And they're the market leaders! I'm just listing programs which offer 3D-Max, CyberMaxx or i-glasses implementation. That means it may work in theory. The most nagging thing is the inconsistent behavior. If you try 5 programs all using the same screen mode, say 320x400 with 256 col., you might get 5 different results from no go, over buggy to perfect. BUT don't get too excited in case you own some LCD-BIOS driven glasses. Page-flipping has it's own hassles and you might not reach these high refresh rates interlace can provide.
The term "Tested" in the following tables means: tried by the author of this list. I'm using S3-864 2MB and Avance Logic 1MB VGA's with 3D-Max type II (rev.1.0) board. I also tried most programs on ET 4000 and type I. The Tseng ET4000 seems to be more suitable for 3D-Max use. I'm not going to mention each and every problem I encountered. Most of them are configuration dependend and doesn't apply to the rest of the world.
are problems like the Comanche 3 "jump-bug" or the Terminal Velocity "split-screen-bug"
especially in conjuction with S3 chipsets. This problems seem to be caused
by the use of IRQ-mode. The hidden C3 3D-Max mode seems to force IRQ. CYBERON
forces IRQ too!!! Virtual Media
Systems South-Africa released a patch package called "maxgames". The
package includes a tool called MAX3D. This program forces 3D without
the use of IRQ mode. It helps with a lot of programs. It also might force
3D where Cyberon completely fails. Don't forget to choose Interlace mode
in 3DCFG when using MAX3D and try to avoid the use of Cyberon.
MAX3D fixed my problems with S3 Trio 64V+ and Comanche 3, Terminal Velocity and Madspace. I also tried it on DOS-Quake 1.08 which lead to a crash.
Dear users of other systems: MAX3D will only work on 3D-Max!!! There is no point in experimenting! MAX3D needs 3D-BIOS and 3D-BIOS needs a special controller to be installed in a slot of your PC! (Hmmm, maybe it'll work on Russian Shield, which seems to be a Max-clone.)
For Emulation of other glasses you'll need cyberon.com. Don't get confused, cyberon.com is just 13 bytes long. It's not a real program, it's just a switch. I actually had to zip it to make it larger (!), since some browsers doesn't accept such small files for download.
Most patches can also be found at the LCD-Bios
page, the Virtual Media Systems South-Africa
page and the Pearl Support Forum on Compuserve
(based on 3D-MAX type II and S3 Trio V64+)
The selection of titles is based on the Hotlist.
|Comanche 3 - hacked 3D-Max mode||YES||buggy on S3 and maybe other chipsets, the image jumps every now and then, visit my Comanche 3 page|
|Comanche 3 - standard stereo mode||YES||works only with older 3D-BIOS 2.1 and Cyberon, buggy on S3 and maybe other chipsets, the image jumps every now and then, can be fixed using MAX3D, visit my Comanche 3 page|
|CyberBykes||YES||visit the CyberBykes hint page, without the hints you won't be successful|
|Depth Dwellers||NOT TESTED|
|Descent 2||YES||for Hi-Res choose LCD-BIOS 640x480 mode and use Cyberon or MAX3D|
|Duke Nukem Shareware (Wooboo patch)||NO||buggy, I heard of no successes|
|Duke Nukem Retail (Wooboo patch)||(YES)||NOT TESTED, but I heard of successes|
|Havoc||(YES)||NOT TESTED, but I heard of a success, even with the demo version|
|Hexagon-Kartell||(YES)||NOT TESTED, but it offers native Max-support via patch|
|Hexen 2||YES||it works, just like WinQuake|
|In Pursuit of Greed||(YES)||NOT TESTED, but I heard of a success|
|Madspace (demo) 3D-Max Int. mode||NO||produces a split screen on S3 and some other chipsets, can be fixed using MAX3D|
|Magic Carpet||YES||native patch|
|Magic Carpet plus||YES||native patch|
|Magic Carpet 2||NO||there's an i-glasses stereo mode, I couldn't get the MAX to work with this|
|Nascar (hi-res)||YES||native patch|
|Quake Win 1.00 (1.09)||YES||Visit the Quake page for details.|
|Quake DOS 1.08||(NO)||hotkey defunct, use the windows version|
|Quake H3D-DOS patch||NO||shows a split screen, no interleave format available|
|Quake H3D-GL patch||NO||there are currently no OpenGL cappable chipsets supported by 3D-BIOS|
|Qukae H3D-V patch||NO||3D-BIOS doesn't support Rendition chips at the moment|
|Quake H3D-Win patch||?||not tested yet|
|Rise of the Triad||?||NOT TESTED|
|Shattered Steel - i-glasses mode||YES||use Cyberon or MAX3D|
|Shattered Steel - SimulEyes mode||NO||use i-glasses mode|
|Slipstream||YES||It works using Cyberon, but the resolution is cut down from the original 320x200 per eye to 320x100 per eye|
|Terminal Velocity - Cybermaxx patch||YES||produces a split screen on S3 and some other chipsets, can be fixed using MAX3D|
|Wendy Models - 3D-Max mode||YES||native|
|Whiplash||YES||It works using Cyberon, but the resolution is cut down from the original 320x200 per eye to 320x100 per eye|
|Windows 3.1 desktop||YES|
|Windows 95 desktop||YES|
|Windows NT desktop||NOT TESTED, I wonder how to install the 3D-BIOS DOS-TSR under NT|
|ZAR (3-level-demo) - SimulEyes mode||YES||Cyberon!, produces a split screen on S3 and some other chipsets, stereo image is correct though|
|ZAR - other versions/modes||NOT TESTED|
The following software lists contain some specific information for 3D-Max owners. They are not complete and might not be up to date. Please refer to the other software pages too.
I removed some of the lists recently to avoid redundance and confusion with the other Software lists.
|Program||Publisher||Info||Bundled with 3D-Max|
|3DFLX-maker||Kasan||DOS program, generates 3D-animations out of two FLI, FLC or FLT 2D-animations.||Yes|
|3D-Image||Kasan||DOS program, 3D-viewer and utility, merges two images (shot by a 3D-camera or calculated by 3D-software) into a 3D-pic, supports resolutions up to 1024x768 HiColor.||Yes|
|3D-Image for Win 1.0||Kasan||Win 3.x/95 version of 3D-Image, seems a bit unstable to me|
|3DS TO RWX||Kasan||DOS program, converts binary 3D Studio (.3ds) files to RenderWare script file (.rwx) format.||Yes|
|DXF TO RWX||Kasan||DOS Program, converts ASCII AutoCad DXF (.dxf) files) to RenderWare script file (.rwx) format.||Yes|
|FLT-maker||Kasan||DOS program, generates hicolor animations from TGA-images.||Yes|
|FLX palette adjust||Kasan||DOS program, adjusts color palettes of two FLI or FLC animations.||Yes|
|OBM-maker||Kasan||DOS program, prepares chromakey processing of two FLI or FLC-animations.||Yes|
|RenderWare 3D-Objekt Viewer DOS (Criterion 3D Pack CD)||Criterion Software Ltd.||Shows multiple objects in *.rwx format plus background.||UDAC: Yes
|RenderWare 3D-Objekt Viewer Win16 (Criterion 3D Pack CD)||Criterion Software Ltd.||ditto||UDAC: Yes
|RenderWare 3D-Objekt Viewer Win32 (Criterion 3D Pack CD)||Criterion Software Ltd.||ditto||UDAC: Yes
|W3D Windows 3D Control 1.0, 2.0||Kasan||For control of 3D-Max under Win 3.x and Win 95.||Yes|
|Windows XMovie 1.1||Kasan|
|XMovie||Kasan||DOS program, generates 3D-multimedia presentations incorporating stills, animations, text, digital sound and fm-sound. Controlled by script.||Yes|
|Xmovie Lock||Kasan||Protects xmovie-scripts from being edited.||Yes|
|Depth Dwellers Shareware||TriSoft||3D support in full version only.||Yes|
|Flight Unlimited||Looking Glass/Softgold||The VR-HMD support for this one is 2D only, this means there is headtracking but no 3D. Looking Glass said there could be a 3D-version in the future.||Yes|
|Hi Octane Demo||Bullfrog/Electronic Arts||No support in the demo||Yes|
|Hi Octane Revision||Bullfrog/Electronic Arts||Patched full version - 9 tracks, 2-player-split-screen etc., not compatible to the hi-octane 3D-Max patch.||Yes|
|Magic Carpet 1 Demo||Bullfrog/Electronic Arts||No support in the Demo||Yes|
|Magic Carpet 2 Demo||Bullfrog/Electronic Arts||No support.||Yes|
|Magic Carpet Data Disk Hidden Worlds||Bullfrog/Electronic Arts||Not compatible to Magic Carpet-3D-Max patch.||Yes|
|Witchaven||Capstone||Mentioned in the PEARL 3D-Max ads. There is a 2D-only cybermaxx patch for the commercial version. I didn't heard of any 3D support from other sources. Shareware version doesn't work.||No|
|Bundled with 3D-Max||Tested|
|3D Anatomy||Kasan?||Download the 1,6 MB demo from UDAC; Download the 13 MB demo from Kasan.||800x600x8
|3D Animals||Kasan ?||Download the demo from Kasan.||512x700||No||No|
|3D Body||?||Mentioned in the PEARL 3D-Max ads. There exists a product of this name from Knowledge Adventure. Knowledge Adventure denies support for any VR-hardware for this program.||No||No|
|3D Dino||?||Mentioned in the PEARL 3D-Max ads. There exists a product called 3D Dinosaur from Knowledge Adventure. Knowledge Adventure denies support for any VR-hardware for this program.||No||No|
|3D Gallery||Kasan?||Maybe identical to 3D Time.|
|3D Sports||Kasan ?||Mentioned on the UDAC page and on the Kasan site.||No||No|
|3D Time||Kasan||370 3D photographs, 4 themes: animals (100), sports (100), culture (50), travel (120) all in 363*560 pixel, the pics appear in 256 colors in hicolor mode, less than 256 colors in 256 color mode (to avoid palette clash), with animated control center and quiz.||512x700x8,
|3D World Tour||Kasan ?||Mentioned on the Kasan site.|
|Stereoscopic Environmental Figure Studies||Ray 3D||Yessss, this must be the CD-ROM you bought the 3D-Max
for. Nudes!!! :-] Very arty though. There are more titles from Ray 3D in
Ray told me that his titles may not be compatible with 3D-Max. He's now with VRex and they might do things on the CD's which may not work with 3D-BIOS.
Please visit my Credits page,
were you can find the names of other stereo addicts.
The author of this list is in no way connected to any of the before-mentioned companies.
Brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
The author can't guarantee the accuracy or topicality of the information given on this page.
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Christoph Bungert, Germany